Seo, Eun-Kyoung, Guosheng Liu, Myoung-Seok, Suh, and Byoung-Ju Sohn, 2010, The varying response of microwave signatures to different types of over land rainfall found over the Korean Peninsula, DOI:10.1175/2009/JTECHA1364.1,
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) precipitation radar and ground rain measurements were used to investigate the performance of the TRMM Microwave Imager (TMI) land algorithm. In particular, data from a dense network of rain gauges being operated over the Korean Peninsula were utilized. To retrieve information related to the rainfall rate over land, the TRMM land algorithm relies mainly on brightness temperature TB depression at vertically polarized 85(V) GHz because of scattering by ice particles. It refers to the relationships between 85(V)-GHz TBs and rain rates in its predefined database. By comparing the TMI rain rates with the surface rain gauge and TRMM radar measurements, it was found that there are a variety of relationships between 85(V)-GHz TBs and rainfall rates resulting from the various types of precipitating clouds. The TMI land algorithm, therefore, could not resolve some raining clouds such as warm clouds as well as cold clouds having small amounts of ice particles above the rain layer. The rainfall amounts for those missed rain events are significant. As a result, rain rates produced by the land algorithm show systematic biases, which are a function of raining cloud types. Meanwhile, it is found that the 37-GHz TMI channels contain additional information on surface rain; the uncertainties in retrieving rain rates from TBs at TMI frequencies can be reduced up to 11% if all polarized 37- and 85-GHz TBs are used as predictors.